Blues is the basis of jazz. Louis Armstrong said "When you play jazz - shove in crying wherever you can." In 1917, America entered the war, Scott Joplin died and jazz had arrived. It was the beginning of the new century (and the beginning of commercial recordings).

No doubt an earlier generation of jazz musicians has been consigned to history without recording opportunities. Perhaps in Louis Armstrong we hear legendary Buddy Bolden and in Jelly Roll Morton we hear Tony Jackson (who Morton was frightened of).

What is jazz? What does it mean? Why is it unique? Jazz means improvisation, spontaneity, and freedom. In jazz, the printed score (if it
exists) is in part a point of departure. In classical music, the printed score - Bach, Chopin, Mozart - is the music. We can point to a Bach

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